More information about the Work Packages

Regime Shifts in the Baltic Sea Ecosystem - Modelling Complex Adaptive Ecosystems and Governance Implication is organized in four Work Packages (WP)

WP 1 Resilience Indicators:

This WP investigates potential regime shifts and thresholds in various subsystems of the Baltic Sea, i.e. the catchment generating nutrient loads, the marine basins with their temporal and spatial nutrient and oxygen regimes in the water and in the sediments, and the food web as a responsive system to bottom up (salinity, temperature, nutrients, oxygen) and top down (fishery, seabird and seal predation) effects.

Read more about the aim of the work package, how research is conducted and a list of publications here.

WP2 Modelling Inertia:

In this WP the aim is not to develop models as they already exist (the NEST  decision support system), but to analyze the model outputs in relation to:

a) the inertia of the system (as a measure of resilience) and

b) the same early warning indicators mentioned in WP1.

The state-of-the-art inertia approach provides a measure of how fast the system will react to a change for example in management.

Read more about the aim of the work package, how research is conducted and a list of publications here.

WP3 Management options and stewardship:

An increased understanding of the role of external forcing vs. internal feedbacks (WP 1 and 2) will provide the background information for WP 3. We will address:

a) the potential multiple effects of remedial action designed to meet existing eutrophication and fishery targets, and

b) the potential risk that actions will be ineffective due to internal feed back mechanisms (identified in WP2).

Read more about the aim of the work package, how research is conducted and a list of publications here.

WP4 Response capacity in management:

This WP aims to identify, analyze and evaluate multi-level, multi-lateral governance strategies that are able to respond promptly to new ecological information, as well as steer away from critical ecological thresholds, large scale ecosystem crises and move out of undesirable states when regime shifts have already taken place.

Read more about the aim of the work package, how research is conducted and a list of publications here.

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Web editor: Marmar Nekoro

Updated: 2016-03-07
Baltic Nest Institute Sweden
Baltic Sea Centre, Stockholm University
SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden, +46-8-16 37 18
Baltic Nest Institute Denmark
Aarhus University, Fredriksborgsvej 399
DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark, +45 4630 1200
Baltic Nest Institute Finland
Finnish Environment Institute, P.O. Box 140
FI-00251 Helsinki, Finland, + 358 20 610 123